Cretaceous sponges from the Campanian of Misburg and Höver


Regadrella petrijacobi

Schrammen 1912

Figure 1 - Regadrella petrijacobi, Alemannia, Höver.
Side view.

Figure 2 - Regadrella petrijacobi, Alemannia, Höver.
Oblique view showing top.





Alemannia, Höver, Lower Campanian (senonensis zone). Very rare (one specimen).

Oberg, near Ilsede, Lower Campanian. Rare.


Regadrella petrijacobi has been reported and described as a new species from Oberg near Ilsede by Schrammen (1912). This is the first report of the species for the Alemannia quarry near Höver.

Figures 1 and 2 show the Regadrella petrijacobi specimen in two different views.

The Regadrella specimen is incomplete, and its spicules are partially pyritized. Nevertheless, the sponge clearly consists of a thin walled, cup shaped, basket like body with a wide margin and a short peduncle. The peduncle was attached to a fragment of a lithisthid sponge. The wall of the basket is approximately 2 mm thick, with numerous 3 to 5 mm wide oscula separated by narrow ridges. These ridges are formed by subparallel bundles of long diactines (principalia) which seem to protrude as marginalia at the growing margin. There are no apparent signs of a former terminal sieve plate.

Figure 3 - Regadrella petrijacobi, Alemannia, Höver.
Fused choanosomal spicules between oscula. Dermal side.

Figure 4 - Regadrella petrijacobi, Alemannia, Höver.
Principalia, here up to 7 mm long, and smaller fused choanosomal
spicules (comitalia). Dermal side.

Figure 5 - Regadrella petrijacobi, Alemannia, Höver.
Principalia and several gastral hexactines (pentactines?).
Gastral side.

Figure 6 - Regadrella petrijacobi, Alemannia, Höver.
Principalia with synapticulate bridges.
Dermal side.

The skeleton of Regadrella petrijacobi is constructed from longitudinal to diagonal principalia, mainly diactines, which are probably up to 20 mm long, or even longer. Indications of axial canals (hollow or pyritized). Neighboring principalia are connected by synapticulate bridges, which often form ladder like structures. Recognizable comitalia consist of diactines and hexactines, coated and fused together by silica cement. Gastralia are hexactines (perhaps pentactines and stauractines).